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ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level exam Dumps

CTFL_Foundation exam Format | Course Contents | Course Outline | exam Syllabus | exam Objectives

ISTQB has recently launched CTFL 2018 V3.1 with minor changes. You can find all the info needed in the download area.

The Foundation Level Syllabus forms the basis for the International Software Testing Qualification at the Foundation Level.

The International Software Testing Qualifications Board® (ISTQB®) provides it to the national examination bodies for them to accredit the training providers and to derive examination questions in their local language.



Training providers will produce courseware and determine appropriate teaching methods for accreditation, and the syllabus will help candidates in their preparation for the examination.



The Certified Tester Foundation Level in Software Testing

The Foundation Level qualification is aimed at anyone involved in software testing. This includes people in roles such as testers, test analysts, test engineers, test consultants, test managers, user acceptance testers and software developers.



This Foundation Level qualification is also appropriate for anyone who wants a basic understanding of software testing, such as project managers, quality managers, software development managers, business analysts, IT directors and management consultants. Holders of the Foundation Certificate will be able to go on to a higher level software testing qualification.



Fundamentals of Testing



Learning Objectives for Fundamentals of Testing:

- What is Testing-

- Identify typical objectives of testing

- Differentiate testing from debugging

- Why is Testing Necessary-

- deliver examples of why testing is necessary

- Describe the relationship between testing and quality assurance and deliver examples of how testing contributes to higher quality

- Distinguish between error, defect, and failure

- Distinguish between the root cause of a defect and its effects

- Seven Testing Principles

- Explain the seven testing principles

- Test Process

- Explain the impact of context on the test process

- Describe the test activities and respective tasks within the test process

- Differentiate the work products that support the test process

- Explain the value of maintaining traceability between the test basis and test work products

- The Psychology of Testing

- Identify the psychological factors that influence the success of testing

- Explain the difference between the mindset required for test activities and the mindset required for development activities



Keywords

coverage, debugging, defect, error, failure, quality, quality assurance, root cause, test analysis, test basis,
test case, test completion, test condition, test control, test data, test design, test execution,
test implementation, test monitoring, test object, test objective, test oracle, test planning, test procedure,
test process, test suite, testing, testware, traceability, validation, verification



Testing Throughout the Software Development Lifecycle



Learning Objectives for Testing Throughout the Software Development Lifecycle

- Software Development Lifecycle Models

- Explain the relationships between software development activities and test activities in the software development lifecycle

- Identify reasons why software development lifecycle models must be adapted to the context of project and product characteristics

- Test Levels

- Compare the different test levels from the perspective of objectives, test basis, test objects, typical defects and failures, and approaches and responsibilities

- Test Types

- Compare functional, non-functional, and white-box testing

- Recognize that functional, non-functional, and white-box tests occur at any test level

- Compare the purposes of confirmation testing and regression testing

- Maintenance Testing

- Summarize triggers for maintenance testing

- Describe the role of impact analysis in maintenance testing



Keywords

acceptance testing, alpha testing, beta testing, change-related testing, commercial off-the-shelf (COTS),
component integration testing, component testing, confirmation testing, contractual acceptance testing,
functional testing, impact analysis, integration testing, maintenance testing, non-functional testing,
operational acceptance testing, regression testing, regulatory acceptance testing, sequential development
model, system integration testing, system testing, test basis, test case, test environment, test level, test
object, test objective, test type, user acceptance testing, white-box testing



Static Testing



Learning Objectives for Static Testing

- Static Testing Basics

- Recognize types of software work product that can be examined by the different static testing techniques

- Use examples to describe the value of static testing

- Explain the difference between static and dynamic techniques, considering objectives, types of defects to be identified, and the role of these techniques within the software lifecycle

- Review Process

- Summarize the activities of the work product review process

- Recognize the different roles and responsibilities in a formal review

- Explain the differences between different review types: informal review, walkthrough, technical review, and inspection

- Apply a review technique to a work product to find defects

- Explain the factors that contribute to a successful review



Keywords

ad hoc review, checklist-based review, dynamic testing, formal review, informal review, inspection,
perspective-based reading, review, role-based review, scenario-based review, static analysis, static
testing, technical review, walkthrough



Test Techniques



Learning Objectives for Test Techniques

- Categories of Test Techniques

- Explain the characteristics, commonalities, and differences between black-box test techniques, white-box test techniques, and experience-based test techniques

- Black-box Test Techniques

- Apply equivalence partitioning to derive test cases from given requirements

- Apply boundary value analysis to derive test cases from given requirements

- Apply decision table testing to derive test cases from given requirements

- Apply state transition testing to derive test cases from given requirements

- Explain how to derive test cases from a use case

- White-box Test Techniques

- Explain statement coverage

- Explain decision coverage

- Explain the value of statement and decision coverage

- Experience-based Test Techniques

- Explain error guessing

- Explain exploratory testing

- Explain checklist-based testing



Keywords

black-box test technique, boundary value analysis, checklist-based testing, coverage, decision coverage,
decision table testing, error guessing, equivalence partitioning, experience-based test technique,
exploratory testing, state transition testing, statement coverage, test technique, use case testing, whitebox test technique



Test Management



Learning Objectives for Test Management

- Test Organization

- Explain the benefits and drawbacks of independent testing

- Identify the tasks of a test manager and tester

- Test Planning and Estimation

- Summarize the purpose and content of a test plan

- Differentiate between various test strategies

- deliver examples of potential entry and exit criteria

- Apply knowledge of prioritization, and technical and logical dependencies, to schedule test execution for a given set of test cases

- Identify factors that influence the effort related to testing

- Explain the difference between two estimation techniques: the metrics-based technique and the expert-based technique

- Test Monitoring and Control

- Recall metrics used for testing

- Summarize the purposes, contents, and audiences for test reports

- Configuration Management

- Summarize how configuration management supports testing

- Risks and Testing

- Define risk level by using likelihood and impact

- Distinguish between project and product risks

- Describe, by using examples, how product risk analysis may influence the thoroughness and scope of testing

- ement

- Write a defect report, covering a defect found during testing



Keywords

configuration management, defect management, defect report, entry criteria, exit criteria, product risk,
project risk, risk, risk level, risk-based testing, test approach, test control, test estimation, test manager,
test monitoring, test plan, test planning, test progress report, test strategy, test summary report, tester



Tool Support for Testing



Learning Objectives for Test Tools

- Test tool considerations

- Classify test tools according to their purpose and the test activities they support

- Identify benefits and risks of test automation

- Remember special considerations for test execution and test management tools

- Effective use of tools

- Identify the main principles for selecting a tool

- Recall the objectives for using pilot projects to introduce tools

- Identify the success factors for evaluation, implementation, deployment, and on-going support of test tools in an organization



Keywords

data-driven testing, keyword-driven testing, test automation, test execution tool, test management tool

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iSQI
CTFL_Foundation
ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level
http://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CTFL_Foundation
QUESTION: 324
Exhibit
The decision table above reflects a golf club's pricing structure for green fees and
buggy/cart hire. What is the expected result (actions) for each of the following two test
cases (TC1 and TC2)?
* TC 1 - Paul is not a full member, is a Loyalty Card holder and requests to play 18
holes with a buggy/cart
* TC 2 - Cheryl is not at full member, doesn't have a Loyalty Card and requests to play 9
holes with a buggy/cart
A. TC1 - 23 total charges including buggy hire; TC2 - 21 total charge including buggy
hire
B. TC1 - 18 total charges including buggy hire; TC2 - 16 total charge but no buggy
allowed
C. TC1 - 23 total charges including buggy hire; TC2 - 16 total charge but no buggy
allowed
D. TC1 - 17 total charges but no buggy allowed; TC2 - 21 total charge including
buggy hire
Answer: D
QUESTION: 325
A system requirement states that up to 100 users should be able to carry out a
transaction, with responses returned within 5 seconds. What type of non-functional
testing would you carry out to verify these requirements?
A. Stress testing
B. Maintenance testing
C. Load testing
D. Usability testing
Answer: B
QUESTION: 326
Which one of the following statements about testing techniques is TRUE?
A. Exploratory testing can replace black box techniques when testing time is very
limited
B. Test execution scheduling should deliver priority to experienced based testing
C. Specification based techniques can be used as a substitute for a poorly defined test
basis
D. Experienced based techniques are systematic and produce detailed test
documentation
Answer: A
QUESTION: 327
Debugging and Testing are key activities in the software development lifecycle. Which
of the following are 'Debugging' activities?
a) Identifying, a failure
b) Locating the cause of failure
c) Fixing the defect
d) Checking the fix has resolved the failure
A. a & d
B. a & b
C. b & c
D. c & d
Answer: A
QUESTION: 328
When considering the roles of test leader and tester, which of the following tasks would
NOT typically be performed by a tester?
A. Prepare and acquire the test data
B. Set up and check the test environment
C. Write test summary reports
D. Review tests developed by others
Answer: D
QUESTION: 329
Which of the following would you NOT expect to see on an incident report from test
execution?
A. The version(s) of the software under test
B. The test execution schedule
C. Expected results and genuine results
D. Precise steps to reproduce the problem
Answer: D
QUESTION: 330
Which of the following is a Black Box test design technique?
A. Decision Coverage
B. Error Guessing
C. Statement Coverage
D. Equivalence Partitioning
Answer: D
QUESTION: 331
Which of the following is a defect that is more likely to be found by a static analysis tool
than by other testing techniques?
A. Omission of a major requirement
B. Inadequate decision coverage
C. Component memory leakage
D. Variables that are not used improperly declared
Answer: D
QUESTION: 332
A garden irrigation system allows the user to specify 2 inputs:
1. Frequency - The number of times the system should be automatically switched on per
day; minimum once per day, maximum 5 times
2. Duration - The duration of operation, in whole minutes, each time it is switched on;
ranging from 1 to 60 Applying 2-value boundary value analysis which of the following
options has the correct test set of valid and invalid boundary values?
A. Frequency 1, 5; Duration 1, 60
B. Frequency 0, 1, 5, 6; Duration 59 seconds, 1 minute, 60 minutes, 60 minutes 1 second
C. Frequency 0, 1, 5, 6; Duration 0, 1, 30, 60, 61
D. Frequency 0, 1, 2, 5, 6; Duration 0, 1, 30, 60, 61
Answer: B
QUESTION: 333
When can functional and structural testing BOTH be applied?
A. System and Component test levels only
B. All 'Developement' test levels, i.e. those before Acceptance testing
C. Component and Component integration test levels only
D. All test levels
Answer: D
QUESTION: 334
Which of the following is a white-box test technique?
A. Decision table testing
B. Exploratory testing
C. Statement testing
D. Error guessing
Answer: C
QUESTION: 335
Which of the following would NOT be a common metric used for monitoring test
preparation and execution?
A. Number of Test cases passed and failed
B. Percentage of planned test cases designed
C. Number of test plan review comments
D. Percentage of tasks complete in test environment preparation
Answer: D
QUESTION: 336
Which of the following would be a good test technique to use when under severe time
pressure?
A. Exploratory testing
B. Structure based testing
C. Specification based testing
D. Use Case testing
Answer: B
QUESTION: 337
You have been asked to Excellerate the way test automation tools are being used in your
company. Which one of the following is the BEST approach?
A. Selecting and automating scripts that test new functionality to find the most defects
B. Using a keyword-driven testing approach to separate the actions and data from the
tool's script
C. Ensuring that all data, inputs and actions are stored in the tool's script for ease of
maintenance
D. Keeping expected results separate from the automation tool to allow the testers to
check the results
Answer: A
QUESTION: 338
During the development of a software change for a system, the developer makes a
mistake in his work, which leads to a fault in the code. Unfortunately the fault is not
found by software testing and is released into live. What is the definite consequence of
this mistake?
A. The system will fail, causing a defect
B. If the defect is executed, the system may fail
C. Loss of money, time, or business reputation
D. Contractual requirements have not been met by testing
Answer: B
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